The Other Martial Henry
by Rob Kassab
Seldom do we know any specifi c information or history regarding the arms we collect. It is however wellknown that the Henry Rifl e played an important part in the Civil War. Of the approximate 13,000 Henry rifles produced, 1,731 were purchased by the U.S. government during the Civil War to arm Union soldiers. In addition, other Henrys were privately purchased by individual soldiers, offi cers, militias and
regular military units using private funds. First Model Henry rifl es ordered under government contract in the 3000-4000 serial range were inspected at the New Haven Arms Company plant in New Haven by the ordnance department’s sub-inspector Charles G. Chapman, and stamped on the right side of the barrel were his initials “C.G.C.”. These guns are generally known and referred to today as the classic “Martially-Marked Henry Rifle”.
There is a second type martially-marked Henry; not quite as well-known. Second model Henry rifles in the 7000-8000 and 8600-9700 serial range—a total of 627 arms ordered— were purchased in two government contracts specifi cally to arm the 3rd Regiment U.S. Veteran Volunteer Infantry, led by Major General Winfi eld S. Hancock, commissioned to guard Washington, D.C. towards the end of the war. As part of an enticement package for these veterans to volunteer for this duty, they would be allowed to keep their rifles when discharged. These 627 arms along with