SPRINGFIELD M1816 “Cone” Conversion Perc. MUSKET “Belgian Style” Percussion Alteration
Guns International #: 101459129 Seller's Inventory #: 190035
Category: Springfield Rifles - Military - Military Rifles - Antique
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SPRINGFIELD M1816 “Cone” Conversion Perc. MUSKET
“Belgian Style” Percussion Alteration
Here we present an antique Springfield US Model 1816 Conversion Musket, manufactured at the armory at Springfield, Massachusetts, circa 1838. This Model 1816 flintlock musket was converted circa the 1850s to percussion using the Belgian Style Alteration method, more commonly known as the “Cone Type” conversion. All external lock parts were removed with the screw hole plugged, the pan ground flush with lock plate (leaving the remnants intact) and the small existing cavity in the pan filled with brass to give it a level or squared off profile along the top. The vent hole of the barrel was plugged with a nipple screwed into the threaded receptacle at the top of the barrel, set off center towards the lock side. Then, adding the distinctive arsenal, military hammer.
The War of 1812 revealed many weaknesses in American muskets. In an attempt to improve both the design and manufacture of the musket, the Model 1812 musket was created. The Model 1816 made further improvements, and replaced the Model 1812. Harpers Ferry became America’s second national armory after the site was personally selected by George Washington, with the Springfield Armory being the first. The U.S. Congress authorized the building of the new foundry in 1794, and by the following year, was producing hundreds of arms for the national army, which was primarily flintlock muskets and pistols. Inspired largely by the French Charleville Model 1777 musket, Harpers Ferry began producing the Model 1816. The M1816 was a smoothbore, muzzle loading weapon which used a .69 caliber musket ball. A trained shooter could fire between two and three rounds at a range of up to 200 yards per minute.
The M1816 was in production at Springfield (325,000) and Harpers Ferry (350,000) between 1816 to 1844 with around 675,000 muskets produced during this run. It saw service during the Mexican-American War and was even pressed into service during the Civil War in both the updated percussion and the old flintlock format. In the 1850’s, many 1816’s, including this one, went through the conversion from flintlock to percussion. The lock and tang on this gun are both dated “1838”.
This one displays the view and proof marks on the left side of the barrel. The left stock flat shows clear inspector cartouches: “JM” for Justin Murphy, “TW” for Thomas Warner. The underside of the stock behind the trigger guard bears one more inspector cartouche, which is “AH” for Asabel Hubbard.
The overall condition is very good plus. The iron parts have a gray patina. The markings are clear. The walnut stock is in great shape, smooth and solid. It also bears clear inspector markings. The bore is smooth and plum. The action is excellent.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 42 inches.
Caliber: .69 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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