CIVIL WAR Springfield US Model 1863 Type II MUSKET Made at the SPRINGFIELD ARMORY with BAYONET
Guns International #: 101363205 Seller's Inventory #: 190975
Category: Civil War Rifles - Springfield Rifles
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CIVIL WAR Springfield US Model 1863 Type II MUSKET
Made at the SPRINGFIELD ARMORY with BAYONET
Here we present a Springfield U.S. Model 1863 Type II Rifle-Musket, manufactured at the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts circa 1864.
The Model 1863 featured minor refinements over the Springfield Model 1861. As such, it is sometimes classified as just a variant of the Model 1861. The Model 1863 was produced in two variants. The Type I eliminated the band springs and replaced the flat barrel bands with oval clamping bands. It also featured a new ramrod, a case-hardened lock, a new hammer, and a redesigned bolster. The Type II is sometimes referred to as the Model 1864 but is more commonly referred to as just a variant of the Model 1863. This version re-introduced band springs, replaced the clamping bands with solid oval bands, and replaced the three-leaf rear sight with single leaf sight. A total of 255,040 of these were manufactured from 1864 to 1865.
At the beginning of the American Civil War, the South and North both relied heavily on imported rifles. It wasn’t until the North adopted the .58 Caliber Springfield musket that the average infantryman would evolve into an accurate marksman and effectively turn the tide of the war. The M1861 is representative of the “everyman’s” rifle during the war. About 1.5 million rifle-muskets were made in the U.S., over 800,000 of which were made by the Springfield Armory. This was the last hurrah of the rifle-musket as arms development and tactics rapidly advanced during the short period of the American Civil War. Nevertheless, the 1861 represented new technology as it was made for use with the Minié ball, a hollow based, conical projectile that was small enough to quickly push down the muzzle of a rifled barrel, and expanded to create a good gas seal unlike a solid, round ball. This musket also featured, for the first time in the arms market, static iron sights. Almost immediately after the war, the US military switched from the old muzzle loading type weapons to the newer breech loading rifles, bringing an end to the musket as a standard frontline firearm in American history.
The overall condition is Very Good. The bore is in nice shape with defined rifling. The action is strong. Finish on the barrel has darkened with age. The markings are clear and there are even nice inspector cartouches on the walnut stock. “A.R. SMITH” is punched into the leather scabbard on the bayonet. A beautiful example of American history that fits into any Civil War collection!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 40 inches.
Caliber: .58 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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